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The Sikh Faith - A Universal Message - Book By Gurbaksh Singh

Table Of Contents For 'The Sikh Faith - A Universal Message' Book By Gurbaksh Singh




Page No
  ---Preface 9
  ---Acknowledgements 13
1. Sikhism Founded 15
  Society and Religion 15
  A Revolutionary Thought 18
  Growth of Sikhism 24
2. Repression of the Sikh Faith 34
  Army Attacks 35
  The New Centre, Kiratpur 36
  The War Won 45
3. Shri Guru Granth Sahib 47
  Message of Sri Guru Granth Sahib 49
  Universal Faith 51
  The Sikh Code of Conduct 57
4. Founding of the Khalsa 64
  The Khalsa Code 65
  Mandate to the Khalsa 67
  Uniqueness of the Sikh Faith 70
5. The Guru Khalsa Panth 72
  Martyrdom of Bhai Mani Singh 76
  Hunting and Torture of the Sikhs 77
  The First Sikh Holocaust 79
  Martyrdom of Baba Deep Singh 80
  The Second  Sikh Holocaust 82
  The Fearless Sikhs 83
  Governorship to the Khalsa 85
  The Rule of the Khalsa 86
6. Renaissance of Sikh Faith 88
  Violence by the State 89
  The Climax 92
  The Victory 93
  After the Victory 94
7. Sikhism Reaches the West 97
  Influence of the Western Culture 98
  Plea for Cutting Hair 100
  Case Histories 103
8. The Sikh Faith, A Revolution 109
  Not a Syncretic Faith 113
  Unique Miri-Piri Principal 114
  Sikhism and Interfaith 117
9. Concluding Overview 124
  Universal Message 124
  Sikh Character 125
  The Goal Achieved : Change in Human Hearts 126


Preface To Book 'The Sikh Faith - A Universal Message' Book By Gurbaksh Singh

Sikhism took birth in the East in Punjab, India, five centuries ago. Sikhs have settled all over the world not as conquerors of new lands. as the Europeans did four centuries ago, but as seekers of new opportunities in life. With them, the Sikhs carried their unique appearance and their unique philosophy. To the West, Sikhs migrated in the later part of the nineteenth century. Wherever they went, they established their gurdwaras (worship places). In the first two decades of this century gurdwaras were founded in Vancouver, Canada, Stockton, USA, and London, U.K, to name a few. Now almost all large cities in the West have a gurdwara; many have more than one.

Gurdwaras in North America formed their Sikh Council in 1979. They got together annually to discuss Sikh affairs in the West. In May 1984, the Council invited the author to give a lecture on Sikhism during its annual function in Los Angeles. Later the author moved to Washington, D.C., where he gave a series of discourses on basic principles of the Sikh faith in the gurdwara managed by the Guru Nanak Foundation of America. The author explained how the principles of the Sikh faith have been considered suitable by modern scholars for adoption by the whole of humanity. Some members of the congregation, desired that these lectures should be written in the form of a book for those who could not attend the gurdwara regularly.

The author was invited by many Sikh families to hold detailed  discussions with Sikh youth. These discussions convinced him of  the need for a small book describing the principles of the faith in terms, which were meaningful to the Western youth. These young people have little time to read long stories and details about the life of the Sikh Gurus. However, they are interested in understanding the development of the Sikh faith and its philosophy. They want to know how the Sikh philosophy can help them today in the Western environment and in a society, which emphasizes the scientific approach to every discipline. This book was written to meet their needs.

Another motivation for writting this book was an incidental meeting with a man without a turban but bubbling with Sikh pride. It happened in 1979 at Gurdwara Baoli Sahib, Goindwal, Amritsar. The author was distributing religious literature at the stall of the Sikh Missionary College, Ludhiana. A visitor came straight to him and voluntarily narrated his story without a break and with indescribable emotion. What he said in Panjabi can briefly be translated as below :

I am also one of you, though I have cut my hair. I am the
descendant of those Sikhs who went to Uttar Pardesh
(U.P.) State during the 18th century to fight the repression
let loose by the Mughal government. On the request of 
the local Hindus to protect them from the tyranny of the 
officials, our elders agreed to stay there. They spread
themselves in many villages in that area. When the British
East Indian Company defeated the Mughal government
this region came under the British rule. In the northwest
beyond the river Sutlej. Maharaja Ranjit Singh ruled the
Panjab State. After three or four generations, these 
settlers lost contact with their far away center, Amritsar,
and they gave up their Sikh symbols. Our next,
generations slowly adopted the rituals of the Hindu who
were there in great majority. Now, only our name,
Pachhadas or Westerners (Panjab is to the west of the 
U.P. state) differentiates us from the locals.  Most of us 
still have faith in Sri Guru Granth Sahib and perform
Sikh rites at the time of a birth, marriage or death in the family.

Pointing towards his 10-year-old son wearing a turban he concluded :

I have made my son a Sikh. If religious lectures are
given in our area, a very large number of us are ready to
return to the fold of the Sikh faith and adopt the Sikh
symbols and the Sikh way of life. It gives me great solace
to say that, if not we ourselves, at least our children will
be able to know the greatness of their heritage and live
as true Sikhs.

With rapt attention, the author heard this emotional description of the Sikhs in U.P. from a person longing to retrieve his lost heritage. The author is reminded of it every time when he comes across Sikh children without turbans. The strong fear, that most of the next Sikh generation in the West will be without Sikh symbols and that their children may know little of the Sikh faith, haunts the author all the time. Many Sikh parents in the West are constantly worried by the same thought. In fact they fear that the Sikh symbols will fall into disuse in the West even faster than in U.P. Many first-generation immigrants to Europe and America have already removed their Sikh symbols, while it were the third or fourth generation Sikhs who did so in U.P. The language barrier will further hasten this trend. Many Sikh children born in the USA, U.K. or Canada read Gurbani; some cannot even speak Panjabi properly.

Instead of simply feeling alarmed by reading these observations, we should make efforts to check this trend. If we, the parents, the first and second generations immigrants, resolve to live as Sikhs and guide (not by force, but through education and example) our children to the Sikh way of life, we can feel assured that Sikhism will be retained as the religion of the future generations. This will bring peace not only to the Sikh youth but also to all those who came in contact with them.

This book is, therefore, intended to explain the rationality of the Sikh faith and describe the high esteem in which the principles of Sikhism are held by the modern thinkers in the West. This knowledge will help stop the erosion of the Sikh faith taking place in the minds of the Western youth. Modern youth need to be educated to feel the urge for peace and pleasure of life explained in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. They also need to be told that Sikhs have a reputation as brave, fearless saint-soldiers (who defend rather than attack the rights of the weak), high class

1. Hundreds of North American Sikh youth trained at the Sikh heritage camps started in 1970, not only understand the greatness of their faith. but they can also explain it to their friends of European origin. They are happy to wear the Sikh symbols. Many of them now (1998) are doctors, professionals, engineers, teachers, etc. They act as good role models for other youth. They motivate other Sikh youth to enjoy the self-esteem of living like a Sikh and appearing like a Sikh. Many of them can recite, sing and interpret Gurbani. Further, they can also relate it to their lives. Though, there is no formal survey, but many people, based on their observations, agree that a higher percentage of North American youth can sing Gurbani than those in their homeland, Panjab.

sportsmen, top scientists, successful businessmen, excellent workers, faithful followers of the religion and saviors of the poor helpless people. The knowledge of their glorious past will help the Sikh youth, presently not interested in their faith, to feel a sense of pride in being Sikhs. They will develop a desire to possess the virtues they inherited from their forefathers.

After comprehending Sikhism and its glory, young Sikhs may express their surprise in these words.

How great was Nanak! The humanity split by artificial
barriers of caste, color, creed and different religious
was united into a unique brotherhood. What a philosophy
he gave! He says that anybody and everybody who loves
God can realize Him. Further, a person can remember
Him by any name, Allah, Ram, Gobind, God; all names
are His. The Guru surely was much ahead of his time.

By his present efforts for revitalizing Sikh thought in the West, the author is honoring a promise he made a long time ago. In 1949, when the author himself was young and studying at Khalsa College Amritsar, he listened to a lecture by Sant Teja Singh (Professor). He was sent by Sant Attar Singh of Mastuana to U.K. and other countries in 1905 to establish Sikh organizations there. Sant Teja Singh advised the Sikh youth to study the faith devotedly, attempt to live up to it and explain it to the youth in the West. The author was a member of the group of students who met the Sant after his lecture to seek guidance and training in taking up this responsibility. This effort to explain the glory of the Sikh faith is intended to fulfil the promise made by him in 1949.

A non-Sikh, interested in understanding Sikh philosophy and Sikh history, will also find this book quite useful and interesting. The author welcomes suggestions from the readers to make this book more useful and helpful for the Sikh youth and non-Sikh readers.

Gurbakhsh Singh


Author Gurbaksh Singh
Pages 152
Cover Hardbound
Language English

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