Monday to Saturday - 10:30 Am to 7 PM
Introduction To 'The Divine Sunder Gutka'
Sunder Gutka is a collection of Banis or hymns that form the core of a complete Sikh Daily Prayer. These sacred hymns contain a power to transform our lives completely by bringing an unmatched spiritual elevation in even the most ordinary of minds. Gurbani or the Divine Word contains the instructions and Divine guidance delivered directly by God through, the Gurus and other pious saintly beings. They show the righteous path of life and provide direction to the wandering souls in quest of finding the real meaning of life. These hymns deliver a message which is of eternal relevance irrespective of the caste, creed, religion, age or location of a person. The magnificence of the Sikh scripture lies in the fact that it contains bani not only of the Sikh Gurus but also of realised saints, such as Kabir, Farid, Ravidaas, Naamdev, Trilochan, Surdas, Parmanand, Ramanand, Pipa, Sadhnaa, Sain, Jaidev, Dhannaa, Bhikhan and Beni, whose messages were for the entire humanity and not restricted to the people of their own community or religion.
Sunder Gutka, the complete daily prayer of the Sikhs, is itself a complete encyclopaedia of true knowledge with a capacity to teach us the correct way of living and the essence of Sikhism. Unfortunately, the younger generation that is unaware of the Gurmukhi script, the original language in which the Gurbani has been recorded, finds this pool of knowledge inaccessible. For them and all others who are better versed in English, a humble effort has been made to bring to them this elegant masterpiece from our Gurus in the form of a transliteration and translation in English. The Transliteration of Bani in English is given under every line of Bani in Gurmukhi on the left hand side page with its meaning correspondingly on the right hand side page making it very convenient for the reader to recite the bani and understand its meanings simultaneously. For the Gurbani to sink into our souls and for us to be able to imbibe its teachings into practical life it is very essential to be able to understand and comprehend its meanings. This steek is a humble effort to help achieve this purpose. So the reader is requested to lay equal emphasis on deciphering the meanings as on reciting the bani.
Every effort has been made to make the pronunciations very simple and crystal clear and avoid any possible mistake. Despite that a humble request is made to pardon us for any unknown errors that might have crept in and we would be indebted to those kind knowledgeable souls who bring them to our notice. Please refer the 'Key to Pronunciation' before reading the English Transliteration of Bani.
About Sunder Gutka: Sunder Gutka is a collection of very important hymns the recitation of which is considered to be a complete Daily Prayer for every Sikh. It consists of the following Banis
Japji Sahib: Its a composition of Guru Nanak, comprising of the Moot Mantra as the beginning followed by 38 pauris (hymns) and a salok to conclude, serving as a prologue to Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Japji Sahib is the Divine message of Guru Nanak for the entire humanity.
Jaap Sahib: A composition of Guru Gobind Singh consisting of 199 verses describing very artistically the uncomparable attributes of God. This is one of the five banis that a sikh must recite everyday and is also recited while preparing Amrit for initiating a Sikh into Khalsa. The' bani has words from the Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Brij Bhasha. Its a classical composition whose poetic excellence remains unmatched. The entire hymn is divided into different chhands (where each chhand has bani composed to different musical metres).
Tva Prasaad Savaiyae. Pa. 10: It is a short hymn of 10 stanzas by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in praise of God. It belongs to the Bani 'Akal Ustat' (a bani in Praise of God) which is a part of the Dasam Granth Sahib Ji.
Chaupaee Sahib : A composition of Guru Gobind Singh Ji taken from Dasam Granth Sahib Ji. This bani is recited every morning and also forms a part of the evening prayer Raihraas Sahib. This prayer offers freedom from fear, worries, anxieties and protection from one's internal and external foes. This Bani comforts one by imparting a feeling of faith in and dependence on the Lord.
Anand Sahib: A bani composed by Guru Amardas, which is considered a pathway to attain true bliss and tranquility of mind. Anand Sahib is recited at all important religious ceremonies of sikhs like marriage, nam-karan etc.
Shabad Hajaare: This refers to a collection of seven hymns, the first by Guru Arjan and the other six by Guru Nanak. The term "Hajaare" (not mentioned in any of the Sikh Scriptures) probably implies that each of these 'Shabads' has a 'thousand fold merit' when recited.
Shabad Hajaare Pa. 10: A collection of ten hymns from the Dasam Granth by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
Tva Prasaad Savaeeyae (Deenan Ki) : A Collection of ten verses by Guru Gobind Singh Ji from Akaal Ustat.
Tva Prasaad Chaupaee (Pranvo Aad): Forms the beginning of 'Akaal Ustat', a bani composed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji in praise of God offering an unmatched description of God.
Baarah Maahaa Maanjh Maihlaa 5: A bani which presents the condition of the soul, separated from the Divine, suffering in transmigration yearning to reunite with Him.
Raihraas Sahib: It contains Guru Nanak's saloks and shabads (verses and hymns) from Guru Granth Sahib alongwith a Chaupaee, a Savaiya and a Dohra (composed by Guru Gobind Singh Ji), first five stanzas and the last stanza from Anand Sahib.
Ardaas: It is the general sikh prayer seeking the well being of entire humanity, also recited on specific occasions to receive God's blessings before any auspicious event or task.
Sohilaa: A prayer recited before going to sleep.
Sukhmani Sahib: Composed by Guru Arjan Dev Ji and a key to attain eternal happiness in all areas of life. The Bani is divided into 24 Octets (or Ashtpadis) where each octet consists of 8 stanzas. Each stanza consists of 10·1ines or 5 couplets. Recitation of Sukhmani Sahib has a soothing effect on the mind and brings tranquility to the soul. The bani is considered the key to happiness in life (as it imparts the knowledge that Lord's Name, when chanted and contemplated upon, is the actual source of all happiness). The Bani also highlights the basic teachings of Sikhism with each Octet bringing to the fore a unique belief of Sikhism.
Aasaa Dee Vaar: It is a collection of 24 stanzas written by Guru Nanak Dev Ji. In its present form it also contains saloks of Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji and a few shabads by Guru Ramdas Ji.
Salok Maihlaa 9: Saloks composed by Guru Tegh Bahadur (57 in Number), which stress on the recitation of Naam and contemplating the Divine.
|Author||Jaspinder Singh Grover|