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The Bleeding Limbs Of The Sikhs - Book By Avtar Singh Gill
Preface To 'The Bleeding Limbs Of The Sikhs' By Avtar Singh Gill
WHY THIS NOW
Knowledge of public action in the past ' wrote Pollard, provides the best means of understanding the present and the safest guide for the exercise of political power. Through proper study of history , we can join the wisdom of Solomon to the counsel of Socrates by trying to get understanding and learning to know ourselves.' After all, history is the record of a nation's character on the wide canvas of time. It is the compendium of experience for persons as well as the people. It beckons to the glories of the past and warns against the pitfalls of future.
There was time when Mughal administration repeatedly ordered complete destruction of every Sikh but, despite all state-sponsored presecution and repeated invasions and butchery, the valiant Sikhs not only resisted and withstood the onslaught and slaughter but, once for all, ferociously repulsed and completely stopped a thousands years wave of invasion from the North-West of India. Despite a miniscule minority of hardly two percent , their contributions to the freedom of India have also been the largest. In 1975-79, when Indira Gandhi chose to abrogate all freedoms, brave Sikhs were the only people who made a continuous determined protest against its black laws, involving ruthless suffering, death and imprisonment of over fifty thousand Sikhs and , sadly, none else had then dared to comfort that terific oppression. They are really the only people who brought abt a 'Green Revolution' in India, despite the well planned clipping of their wings, for all the times, through cutting short of their land holdings the principle mean of their very existence.
Invariably, Sikh struggles have been for the cause the justice and freedom. Several writers, including army men, used their pens to write down the history of the Sikhs pretaining to the post-partition period, especially the Akali struggle and its aftermath. Almost everyone saw the events with jaundiced eyes and open bias,branding the Sikhs and fundamentalists, obviously crossing all bounds of reality or serious academics and even ignoring the well- known and well established ground realities. They seemed to echo the Governent version of the horrendous events, superficial, biased and partisan as these were , seemed unmindful of the dirty game of gross misrepresentations when they tired to justify the ghastly operation.
It was never realized that several hunderds of innocent Sikh pilgrims-men , women and children - had gathered at the Martydrom Day of Guru Arjan Dev to commemorate the solemn occasion, as has been done every year for over 350 years , but plans drawn by the army were most of the ruthless kind , without any spark of briliance. Dismal tale of imposition of total curfew of the most savage kind for 72 hours in the peak of the summer season, total news blackout, indiscriminate killings, the use of tanks and plunder of the most -valuable Sikh Reference library and Archives , speak by themselves the real intention of the then Government. A writer had gone to the extent of criticizing the militants, calling them 'dacoits' and 'gangsters', knowing fully well that such harsh comments might invoke immediate applause only in official circle, but they had generated utter frustration in sober Sikh families. No writer felt sorry for refusing to understand the sentiments of a common Sikh but went n repeating, like parrots, primarily the government versions in one form or the other, though only Dr.Joyce J.M.Pettigrew, a Scottish anthropologist, had the exceptional courage to say: " The army went into Darbar Sahib not to eliminate a political figure or a political movement but to suppress the culture of a people,to attack their heart , to strike a blow at their spirit and self confidence,"
The Sikhs have been reminded of the Mahabharta and are being presuaded to deeply observe the actors who had played their roles long back. They have begun to observe their position as that of pandavas : who were "cheated out of their rights by numerous Kauravas led by Duryodhana, who were not willing to yield the Pandavas and inch of land. Men like Bhisham Pitamah who understood Pandava position to be just, continued to sit by in the battle sided with the Kauravas- the forces of evil and injustice", now the Sikhs have realised their position to be that of Pandavas in the ongoing struggle.
During all these long 25 years , after attack on the holy places, millions and millions of rupees have been spent to bring the situation of their own making under control, but sadly, the real and major issues that were the principle causes for the sikh agitation still remained unresolved. Big trees have already fallen and so also their branches. People genuinely enquire: do they believe that the Sikhs, after sacrificing so much, have forgotten and will not press of their genuine and just demands? A really nationalist Indian would agree that a fully satisfied and properly integrated-to-the nation Sikh people can be an invaluable and lasting asset to India, in the soil and tradition of which they are rooted. Jaswant Singh Kanwal , a noted writer, had long back in the year 1986 aptly warned : " The rulers in Delhi most honestly assess the situation , talk to the real leaders of the Sikhs and stop interfering in our religious affairs. No monkey business with Sikhs in punjab, if the centre wants to retain Punjab in India." ( India Today, February28, 1986 ). So, the Sikhs rightly wished: Dont think of " teaching a lesson : better " learning the lesson."
Feeling over -whelmed with the well-organised foul play on the part of the inimical forces, for deliberately pronouncing false and baseless verdicts by their biased writers and game-players, simply to justify their acts, utterly devoid of human values and legal legitimacy, it became very painful for me to throw away the pen and close my eyes even, to freely allow merciless distortion and twistsmade in the burning patriotism of the valiant Sikhs with impunity. It is also my luck and fortune that I have personally watched the currents and cross currents of events through which the Sikhs have been passing , right from the days of my childhood and had also joined in their sufferings righ prior August 15, 1947 on account of some of their own leaders' mistakes and thereafter of planned nasty conspiracies of a long chain of betrayals at the hands of the all powerful central political powers. Now every true Sikh has begun to realise and endorse why the two Sikhs representatives in the Constituent Assembly had not appended their signatures to the Constitution indicating their categorical rejection. Besides collecting valuable material for writing and later completing the sad history of the downfall of the great Sikh Kingdom in the 19th century and , despite having limited means , time and skill , I had also passionately started collecting and penning down even this part of the events of the history, dripped in blood. which were either untouched or consciously and deliberately suppressed by those who were morally bound to bring forth all those true parts of the history, tasteful or distasteful, before the entire world.
I fully believe that the truth, however, unpleasant must be told and told in all its nakedness that the lessons of history may be learned with profit. With this object in my mind, a fair effort has been made to touch major conceivable aspects, relevant to the scope of this book, Which have been left untouched by others, by referring to contemporary independent sources, to make it authentic and reliable. Its earnestly hoped that this book, providing the nucleus of an untold suppressed events from really authentic records of history, will arouse the interest of the readers, in India and abroad, who would be benefited by studying it and they would not feel that he labour put and time consumed in doing so did not bear the expected fruit. Flavius Arrianos (95-180 AD) had rightly said: if anyone wonders why , after so many other Histories have been written, I also should have had the idea of writting one, let him begin by reading through all those other, then turn to mine, and after that he may wonder, if he will,"
I am greatly indebited to the learned Authors, both Indian and Foreign, of the monumental authoritative reference books, Magazines and Newspapers, of which special mention has been made in providing sumptuous food for this project of great importance and value. I am equally beholden to Sardar D.S. Gill Chairperson , International Human Rights Organisation for placing at my disposal valuable record besides assisting me in my attempts at correcting distorted versions and revealing the hidden truth about the related events. Lastly, I am specially thankful to Dr. S.S.Johl former Vice Chancellor, Punjabi University, patiala and Lt. General Kartar Singh Gill PVSM ( Retd ) Chandigarh for sparing valuable time in going throuh the work minutely and very kindly providing this book excellent Forewords.
Preface To The Second Edition 'The Bleeding Limbs Of The Sikhs' By Avtar Singh Gill
WHY THIS AGAIN
The book, The Bleeding Limbs of the Sikhs, with material of immense value and interest, first published in the year 2009, has been taken away by too desirous history lovers dumb founded. Feeling over-whelmed with the well organised foul play on the part of inimical forces, even by the biased writers and game players by deliberately pronouncing false and baseless verdicts, challenging the burning patriotism of valiant Sikhs with impunity, the book revealing the stark realities of the twentieth century was thought to be penned down
Further encouraged from my readers' response, I take delight in presenting this second edition of the book with factually authenticated pieces of sources, free from personal views and firstly , setting at rest the conflicting views of earlier writers, which have so far unnecessarily created a short of confusion in the minds of even the scholars and secondly, to illumine for all times the dark recesses of my countryman's mind . Having taken special care to present bare facts as gleened from dependable and irrefutable sources, they speak for themselves and tell their own story.
Surely, the work will help all students and other readers Punjabi history as well, to gain a deeper and critical insight into the currents and cross currents of events during that most crucial period , as also the objects and motives of the chief across on then political stage.
About The Author Of 'The Bleeding Limbs Of The Sikhs'
Son of prominent physician and surgeon, Dr Isher Singh Gill M.B.B.S and born at Jaranwala District Lyallpur (Faislabad) now in Pakistan in 1930, he obtained degree in Bachelor of Arts from Government College Ropar and opted to seek degree in Law from the Punjab University. securing the second highest number of marks in the P.C.S. (Judicial Branch) competitive examination held in 1954, he worked as Judicial Officers, exercising civil and criminal powers, both on original and appellate sides, and ultimately retired from the Punjab Superior Judicial Service. Both of his daughters, and the son , also chose to secure law degrees from the same University and became Advocates High Court.
His maiden work, Panchayat Guide, including Punjab Gram Panchayat Act and Punjab Village Commonland Regulation Act, in English, with Foreword by Hon'ble Mr Justice A.N. Grover Bar at law, was approved by the Punjab High Court for use of all the subordinate Courts. Its Punjabi edition, with foreword by S.Darbara Singh. the then Development and Panchayat Minister, all offices and Panchayat Libraries etc. His third work Gill's Criminal Investigation and Trial, with foreword by Hon'ble Mr. justice Harbans Singh Bar at law, was also approved by the Punjab High Court for use of all the subordinate courts. Besides his Auto biography (2008), the present one is his twelveth in the chain.
Though a contributor of articles on subjects of History and Law in Journals and papers since College days, he took to History of the Punjab at the fag-end of his service career and, soon after retirement, took to research with passion, besides practicing as an Advocate.
Table Of Contents For 'The Bleeding Limbs Of The Sikhs' By Avtar Singh Gill
|1||THE SIKH HOMELAND VOICE||23|
|2||THE SIKHS SEDUCED||27|
|3||THE SIKHS BETRAYED||29|
|4||LOK SABHA HAMMERED||31|
|5||ANANDPUR SAHIB RESOLUTION||39|
|6||AKAL TAKHAT SAHIB||40|
|7||PEACEFUL STRUGGLE COMMENCED||48|
|1||GOLDEN TEMPLE MISUSED||59|
|2||THREAT TO ENTER GOLDEN TEMPLE||60|
|3||ATTACK ON GOLDEN TEMPLE CONCEIVED||65|
|4||CRPF AGGRAVATED SITUATION||67|
|5||GOLDEN TEMPLE UNDER SIEGE||69|
|6||OPERATION BLUE -STAR PLANNED||73|
|8||G SPANDHER CAUTIONED||78|
|9||UNPROVOKED FIRING COMMENCED||80|
|10||ARMY TOOK UP THE POSITION||81|
|11||STAGE SET FOR THE ASSAULT||84|
THE BATTLE COMMENCED
1) ORIGINAL PLAN
|13||SIKHS CONVERGED ON AMRITSAR TO DEFEND||91|
|15||AKALI LEADERS FORCIBLY TAKEN AWAY||93|
|16||COMMANDO ACTION FAILED||96|
|17||TANKS AND ARC'S BROUGHT||100|
|18||THE LAST RESISTANCE||101|
|3.||A GENERAL MASSACRE||105|
|1||SANT BHINDRANWALE'S END||107|
|2||RUMOURS AND BELIEFS||109|
|3||TRACING THE DEAD BODIES||109|
|4||DEAD BODY NOT CLAIMED||111|
|5||IDENTIFICATION OF DEAD BODY||111|
|6||POST-MORTEM EXAMINATION REPORTS||112|
SUBSTANCE OF SANT BHINDRANWALE'S REPORT
TIME OF DEATH
PROBABLE MANNER OF DEATH
SUBSTANCE OF SHAHBEG SINGH'S DEATH
TIME OF DEATH
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