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Mac Arthur Macauliffe
About the Author 'Max Arthur Macauliffe' of the Book 'The Sikh Religion'
Max Arthur Macauliffe (29.9.1837--15.3.1913) was born at New castle West, County Limerick, Ireland. He was educated at Newcastle School, Limerick and at Springfield College and Queen's College, Galway. He received a broad humanistic education that allowed him to read the Greek and Latin Classics in original. He could also read French and Italian. In 1862, he was appointed to the Indian Civil Services and was assigned to Punjab. He arrived in Punjab in 1864. After 18 years of service, he was appointed a Deputy Commissioner in 1882. Two years later, he became a Divisional Judge. His deep understanding and sympathy for the people of Punjab and their religious traditions made him able and just civil servant.
His interest in Sikhism was sparked by attending a Diwali celebration in Amritsar. In 1893, he resigned his job to study Sikhism and devoted his remaining life to understand Gurbani. He found himself engaged by what he studied because in his words, "the sublimity of their style and the high standard of ethics which they inculcated were unmatched." He left for his heavenly abode in 1913 while reciting Japuji.