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The Third Apostle
Table Of Contents 'The Third Apostle (Life and Contribution of GURU AMAR DAS)' By Iqtidar Karamat Cheema
|A Short introduction to Sikhism||1|
|Biographical sketch of Guru Amar Das||2|
|Socil Reform by Guru Amar Das||3|
|Guru Amar Das as organizer of Sikh institutions||4|
|Philosophical legacy of Guru Amar Das||5|
|Anand Sahib ( A hymn by Guru Amar Das)||6|
|(English translation by Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer)|
|About the Author|
Forward To Book 'The Third Apostle (Life and Contribution of GURU AMAR DAS)'' By Iqtidar Karamat Cheema
Iqtidar Karamat Cheema is a well known young scholar in academic world. His main area of penetration in research in History; though his achievements in academic world are not confined to this area only. His contributions even in this area are multi-dimensional, reaching beyond the traditional boundaries specified so far.
His academic grandth is just enviable. He has never contented with second position in any class, even up to his M.Phil Degree. No academic competition in Pakistan, even also of SAARC countries, could escape his reach. He always won and thus his bag in full with honours conferred by the highest in the country, the Presidents the Prime minister, the Ministers of Pakistan. Whoever comes into his contact, is normally baffled by the combination of intellectual depth and simplicity in appearance, in one person. He studied History as a subject but transcended the given conventional perceptions of the discipline transforming dry data of events into emotional pageant, by producing a work of History in feelings. His Historical narratives are not dry account of only events but accounts of feelings related to the reactions, of both reader and writer, permeating the event. This way in his works, history turns itself into parables, full of ground reality, thoughts and insights.
Iqtidar's present work is a bio-graphy of Guru Amar Das, the spirit of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, manifesting through the person of third Guru. Ten Gurus, the Sikhs adore, are commonly believed to be one light passing through ten bodies in sequential order of time. Guru Nanak, in principle, in thought, in mission is speaking through succeeding nine Gurus, thus providing unity of mind and action. It is a unique experience in human history that none of the nine ever, on any account, deviated from or differed with Guru Nanak. Everyone faithfully and enthusiastically followed and tried to apply the principles laid down by him in his verses. To answer the given reality, the strategy may change, but the fundamentals would remain the same. Guru Amardas was third Guru who worked through these parameters. The present author could search, realise and present this paradigm of the Sikh history.
Iqtidar has divided the whole material into five chapters. The first one deals with the introduction of Sikhism in thought and in history. In fact, he has given a page of Sikhism in excellence. It is really amassing to note that the author could handle such a delicate and distinctive context of history in such a simple, precise and promising way.
In the second chapter, the author recounts the historical contexts in the life of Guru Amardas. The narrative is so engrossing that it absorbs the reader's mind in person, in related issues, with uninterrupted interest. It looks as if life in the past is in continuous emergence till to-day. It seems that the spirit in grand old figure is accompanying, guilding and accomplishing the person of a reader.
The third chapter is a critique of the given reality of Indian scene. By the time of Guru Amardas, the two nations, Hinduism and Islam had come to stay together. The former was in deep depression, suffering the psyche of a defeated people, the latter was in arrogating jubilation, enjoying the status of a victor. This exceptional situation had created exceptional problems for both the nations. Guru Amardass like his predecessors, had to walk on this double edged sword, to create a viable base for both, standing on which, they could be adaptable and contributors to the creative growth of both people. He created a situation for both the nations to abandon certain things and to adopt certain measures. The history, through this volume, reveals that he was a success in releasing a new order collectively conductive for both nations.
In fourth chapter, Iqtidar details the organisational measures initiated by Guru Amardass to properly and practically manage the vastly growing Sikh community, drawn from Hindus,Muslims and Dalits. He strengthened the inherited institutions, initiated and created new ones and laid bare the future course of action for the young nation, in the history of India. By reading this chapter, one cannot help but to appreciate the potential of young historian in opening the new vistas for the study of Sikh History and History and History in general as well.
In the fifth chapter, the historian has dwelled upon the philosophical base of the verses composed by Guru Amardass. In fact, the material in this chapter is the extension and expansion of the first chapter. These two chapters deal with the basics of thought of Guru Amardass hence of Sikhism. The present author has extensively quoted the research and translated resources to prove his point of view. No doubt the issues are very subtle in nature, as the philosophical ones are expected to be, but his deep insight in the subject, coupled with massive labour has fructified in producing a biographical work in excellence.
In the end, I pray for many more exemplary contributions by this pen and hope that this attempt will enlighten many minds and will enrich many libraries, for the generations to come.
Dr. Darshan Singh
About The Author Of Book 'The Third Apostle (Life and Contribution of GURU AMAR DAS)'
Iqtidar Karamat Cheema is a well known young scholar in academic world. His main area of penetration in research is History; though his achievements in academic world are not confined to this area only. His contributions even in this area are multi-dimensional, reaching beyond the traditional boundaries specified so far. He transcended the given conventional perceptions of the discipline transforming dry data of events into emotional pageant, by producing a work of History in feelings. His Historical narratives are not dry account of only events but accounts of feelings related to the reactions, of both reader and writer; permeating the event. This way in his works, history turns itself into parables, full of ground reality, thougts and insights.
Dr. Darshan Singh